Tag Archives: Phonology

Articulation/Phonological Disorder(s)

Hi everyone!  I’m back for week two of Better Hearing & Speech Month (2017).  This week, I’m focusing on “Articulation/Phonological Disorder(s).”

I know there are times when parents are a bit confused when the Speech-language pathologist tells them that their son or daughter doesn’t have an articulation disorder, but a phonological disorder.  I’m here to give a brief explanation of the difference between the two.


An Articulation Disorder is a speech disorder that affects the phonetic level (takes care of the motor act of producing the vowels and consonants, so that we have a repertoire of all the sounds we need in order to speak our language(s).  The child exhibits difficulty producing particular consonants and vowels.  The reason for this may be unknown (i.e., children with functional speech disorders who do not have serious problems with muscle function); or the reason may be known (i.e., children with dysarthria who do have serious problems with muscle function).

A Phonological Disorder is actually a language disorder that affects the phonological (phonemic-is in charge of the brainwork that goes into organizing the speech sounds into patterns of sound contrasts) level.  The sounds need to contrast with each other or be distinct from one another, so that we can make sense when we talk.

How do they differ?

In an Articulation Disorder, the child’s difficulty is at a phonetic level.  That is, the child is having trouble producing the individual speech sounds (even though there is nothing wrong with their articulators).

In a Phonological Disorder, the child’s difficulty is at a phonemic level (in the mind).  This phonemic level is sometimes referred to as “the linguistic level” or “a cognitive level.”

I hope now that you have a better understanding between the two!  If you suspect that your child exhibits difficulty with sound production, I recommend that you consult with a Speech-language pathologist to determine the next course of action.


Bowen, C. (2011).  What is the difference between an articulation disorder and a phonological disorder?  Retrieved from on May 11, 2017.

Note:  On week three, I will be discussing “What is a Language Disorder?”  I look forward to engaging with you regarding this topic.  Thank you!

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Posted by on May 11, 2017 in Uncategorized


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Six Strategies to Improve the Phonology of Young Children

Greetings everyone!  I would like to share with you an interesting article I recently came across regarding strategies to improve the phonology of young children.  This article is beneficial to both Speech-language pathologists and parents!  This article was written by Speech-language pathologist, Elizabeth Redhead Kriston.  Mrs. Kriston stated that over the years she has found success with the following techniques:

  1.  Say It How They Say It:  When kids change the meaning of their message by inadvertently shaping a word into an alternate word, reflect back to what they said and what they meant to say.
  2. Read Books:  Introduce minimal pair therapy in an approachable way while supporting literacy.  The “Word Menders Series” of books are a great way to address many goals.
  3. Act It Out:  “The Stimulability Character Cards,” while not specifically designed to work on phonological processes, introduce all consonants in beginning and medial positions by pairing fun actions with the illustrations.  Little kids love these and really enjoy acting out and saying the phrases.
  4. Keep It Playful:  Introduce minimal pair therapy using objects supplemented by flashcards in play.  Name the target words pointing out the contrasts in meaning as you place them into a dump truck or slide them down a slide.  For example, with voicing errors have a “fan” and a “van” to show as you label.
  5. Encourage Listening Skills:  Auditory training activities, as well as auditory bombardment, help kids decipher word meanings while helping them hear correct productions.
  6. Educate Parents:  Parents who don’t understand the process behind typical speech-language development can become concerned when their kids say words incorrectly.  It is imperative to explain the role phonological processes play in typical speech-language development and answer any questions they may have.

Thank you so very much for reading!  I look forward to our many discussions and sharing of ideas!


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Posted by on February 28, 2017 in Uncategorized


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