Tag Archives: Better Hearing and Speech Month

Articulation/Phonological Disorder(s)

Hi everyone!  I’m back for week two of Better Hearing & Speech Month (2017).  This week, I’m focusing on “Articulation/Phonological Disorder(s).”

I know there are times when parents are a bit confused when the Speech-language pathologist tells them that their son or daughter doesn’t have an articulation disorder, but a phonological disorder.  I’m here to give a brief explanation of the difference between the two.


An Articulation Disorder is a speech disorder that affects the phonetic level (takes care of the motor act of producing the vowels and consonants, so that we have a repertoire of all the sounds we need in order to speak our language(s).  The child exhibits difficulty producing particular consonants and vowels.  The reason for this may be unknown (i.e., children with functional speech disorders who do not have serious problems with muscle function); or the reason may be known (i.e., children with dysarthria who do have serious problems with muscle function).

A Phonological Disorder is actually a language disorder that affects the phonological (phonemic-is in charge of the brainwork that goes into organizing the speech sounds into patterns of sound contrasts) level.  The sounds need to contrast with each other or be distinct from one another, so that we can make sense when we talk.

How do they differ?

In an Articulation Disorder, the child’s difficulty is at a phonetic level.  That is, the child is having trouble producing the individual speech sounds (even though there is nothing wrong with their articulators).

In a Phonological Disorder, the child’s difficulty is at a phonemic level (in the mind).  This phonemic level is sometimes referred to as “the linguistic level” or “a cognitive level.”

I hope now that you have a better understanding between the two!  If you suspect that your child exhibits difficulty with sound production, I recommend that you consult with a Speech-language pathologist to determine the next course of action.


Bowen, C. (2011).  What is the difference between an articulation disorder and a phonological disorder?  Retrieved from on May 11, 2017.

Note:  On week three, I will be discussing “What is a Language Disorder?”  I look forward to engaging with you regarding this topic.  Thank you!

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Posted by on May 11, 2017 in Uncategorized


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What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?

Hi everyone!  I apologize for posting this topic so late.  I have been really busy with work, this week, and wasn’t able to post at the beginning of the week to kick off the celebration of “Better Hearing and Speech Month” (for the month of “May”).  But, I guess it’s better late than never…:)

For week one, I would like to give a brief explanation of “What is a Speech-language pathologist?”  Often times, many people have heard of a “Speech-Language Pathologist,” but don’t have a general understanding of what our work entails…The information presented below will assist in developing a better understanding of “What is a Speech-Language Pathologist?”


The need for a professional to deal with disorders of speech was identified in the 1920s; however. “speech correctionists” were not introduced to the schools until the 1950s.  IN the beginning, speech correctionists dealt with articulation, but over the years, the field has grown to include voice, fluency, language, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), accent reduction, acquistion and oral-motor evaluations and therapies.  SLPs deal with people of all ages in schools, hospitals, rehabilitation facilities and private practice.

Education and Certification:

There are four professional terms associated with speech therapy:

  1.  “Speech Correctionists”
  2.   “Speech Therapists”
  3.   “Speech-Language Pathologist” or “Speech Pathologist”
  4.   “Speech-Language Specialist”

These four terms are often used interchangeably, but can mean different things.  In the 1950s, a person would receive a Bachelor of Arts in Speech Correction.  This certificate was given until the mid-eighties when the requirements for the teaching certificate changed.

Today, in order to work in most schools, an SLP must obtain “Speech-Language Specialist” or “Speech-Language Pathologist” certificate which requires a master’s degree and approximately 300 clinical hours in diagnostics and interventions.

The master’s program for Speech-Language Pathology is unique in that it combines science, education, medicine and psychology.  Most graduate program 40-60 graduate credits, in addition to several clinical internships.

SLPs may also be registered to obtain two additional certificates:  The Certificate of Clinical Competence and a state license (CCC).  The CCCs are issued when the SLP completes a master’s degree, 375 hours of supervised clinical hours in communication disorders and therapy, a passing score on the ASHA exam and completion of a Clinical Fellowship Year.  State license requirements vary.  SLPs are usually praxis referred to as “Speech-Language Pathologists” or “Speech Therapists.”

Job Duties:

School-Based Program:  Articulation therapy, Voice therapy, Stuttering therapy, Language therapy, Child Study Team Member, Group language lessons, Sign language programs, Speech reading programs, Speech/language evaluations and Hearing screenings

Rehabilitative Program:  Dysphagia therapy, Videofloroscopy studies, Laryngectomy patients, Closed head injury, Stroke and trauma, Alzheimer’s patients, Cleft palate, Speech/language testing and Hearing screenings

Note:  The information presented above was derived from the “Super Duper Handy Handouts” called “What’s News in Speech!”  The author is Robyn Merkel-Piccini, M.A., CCC-SLP.

Thank you for taking the time to read the information presented above.  The next topic, for week two, will address Articulation/Phonology Disorder(s).


Posted by on May 6, 2017 in Uncategorized


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May is Better Hearing and Speech Month (BHSM)

Greetings everyone!  May is “Better Hearing and Speech Month!”  Each May, BHSM provides an opportunity to raise awareness about communication disorders and the role of ASHA (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association) members in providing life-altering treatment.  For 2017, our theme is “Communication:  The Key to Connection.”  Each week, I will be providing information regarding communication disorders as well as resources for you to keep and to share with others who may be interested in learning more!  I look forward to our many discussions!

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Posted by on April 30, 2017 in Uncategorized


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